Bed bugs have small, flat, oval-shaped bodies. They are wingless. Adults do have the vestiges of wings called wing pads, but they do not fully develop into functional wings.
Places Most Commonly Found:
Around the bed, they can be found near piping, seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in the cracks on the bed frame and headboard. If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs: In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
Most Active Period:
Bed bug feeding habits. Bed bugs are generally active only at night, with a peak attack period about an hour before dawn, though given the opportunity, they may attempt to feed at other times of day. Attracted by warmth and the presence of carbon dioxide, the bug pierces the skin of its host with two hollow tubes.
Difficulty of Control:
Bed bugs are hardy, small, flat, lentil-sized insects that are adept at squeezing themselves into tiny spaces.
Bed bugs multiply quickly. A single female can lay 500 eggs during her life, and within a few months, the offspring can reproduce as well. A few bugs introduced to a new environment can increase exponentially. Depending on conditions, bed bugs can produce three to four generations in one year. Scientists have documented that adult bed bugs can live up to 550 days, but usually close to one year without eating, and nymphs may last for months. So simply leaving an infested dwelling unoccupied for a few months in hops of starving them out will do nothing to discourage the little freeloaders. Because of the characteristics described above, bed bugs can be very difficult to control.